Independent vs. Interdependent Construal of Self

General Education

 There are differences between the way different cultures perceive, comprehend, and interpret the world around them. It is important to know some of the differences and to be sensitive and understanding of other cultures and individuals.  Following is a table describing some of the differences between independent and interdependent self-construal.

Construal of Self



Normative Task

Maintain the individual as a separate, self-contained individual

Adjust oneself so as to fit in and maintain the interdependence among individuals


Be Unique”

Express yourself”

Realize and actualize your inner self”

Strive for you goals”

Adjust to the attendant relationship or group to which they belong”

Read other’s minds”

Be sympathetic”

Occupy and play one’s assigned role”

Sense of Worth/Self Esteem

Focus on internal attributes (ability, intelligence, personality, goals, preferences, rights)

Verify and confirm through social comparison

Fit in and be part of a…

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